Bonanza -Bonanza. Aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie. Dieser Artikel handelt von der Fernsehsendung. Für andere Verwendungen siehe Bonanza. Bonanza: Stars dieser legendären Westernserie sind Witwer Ben Cartwright Durch einen Zufallsklick bei "Wikipedia" über diese Serie hatte ich feststellen. Dec 9, - Category:Image (Little Joe Cartwright) | Bonanza Wiki | Fandom powered by Wikia.
Beechcraft BonanzaBonanza -Bonanza. Aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie. Dieser Artikel handelt von der Fernsehsendung. Für andere Verwendungen siehe Bonanza. Dec 9, - Category:Image (Little Joe Cartwright) | Bonanza Wiki | Fandom powered by Wikia. Bonanza ist eine der bekanntesten US-amerikanischen Fernsehserien der er Jahre, die im Western-Milieu der er Jahre spielt. Mit über Folgen ist.
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The V-tail design gained a reputation as the "forked-tail doctor killer",  due to crashes by overconfident wealthy amateur pilots,  fatal accidents, and inflight breakups.
In the late s, repeated V-tail structural failures prompted the United States Department of Transportation and Federal Aviation Administration FAA to conduct extensive wind tunnel and flight tests, which proved that the V-tail did not meet type certification standards under certain conditions; the effort culminated with the issuance of an airworthiness directive to strengthen the tail, which significantly reduced the incidence of in-flight breakups.
Despite this, Beech has long contended that most V-tail failures involve operations well beyond the aircraft's intended flight envelope.
Most V-tail failures involved flight under visual flight rules into instrument meteorological conditions , flight into thunderstorms , or airframe icing.
In , the production of the V-tail Bonanza stopped  but the conventional-tail Model 33 continued in production until In January , the Australian Civil Aviation Safety Authority issued an airworthiness directive grounding all Bonanzas, Twin Bonanzas, and Debonairs equipped with a single pole-style yoke and that have forward elevator control cables that are more than 15 years old until they could be inspected.
The AD was issued based on two aircraft found to have frayed cables, one of which suffered a cable failure just prior to takeoff and resulting concerns about the age of the cables in fleet aircraft of this age.
At the time of the grounding, some Bonanzas had reached 64 years in service. Aircraft with frayed cables were grounded until the cables were replaced and those that passed inspection were required to have their cables replaced within 60 days regardless.
The AD affected only Australian aircraft and was not adopted by the airworthiness authority responsible for the type certificate , the US Federal Aviation Administration.
The FAA instead opted to issue a Special Airworthiness Information Bulletin requesting that the elevator control cables be inspected during the annual inspection.
When the project was put into operation in , however, the aircraft were all flown by pilots of the th Reconnaissance Squadron Detachment 1, call sign "Vampire".
Six YQUA prototypes modifications of the Beech 33 Debonair were combat-tested in , and two were lost during operations, with a civilian test pilot killed.
Twenty-seven QUBs were modified, 13 in and 14 in , with six lost in combat. Two Air Force pilots were killed in action. All of the losses were due to engine failures or effects of turbulence.
The Bonanza is popular with air charter companies, and is operated by private individuals and companies. There have been numerous accidents and incidents involving the Beechcraft Bonanza.
Listed below are a select few of the most notable ones. Data from Hawker Beechcraft  . From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Family of American light aircraft. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. July Page " PDF. Archived from the original PDF on Aviation Week Network. June Disciples of Flight.
Retrieved Archived from the original on Product Analysis" PDF. Wichita, Kansas: Hawker Beechcraft Corporation.
Archived from the original PDF on March 25, Retrieved December 8, August 26, Retrieved October 16, New York: Ziff-Davis.
September Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association. Retrieved 29 July International Civil Aviation Organization. Retrieved 23 March Star Tribune Minneapolis-St.
Tampa Bay Times. Mail Tribune. Spencer June 22, The Hook. Petersburg Times. Retrieved 26 March Mac April Retrieved January 16, In , Bonanza was ranked No.
During the summer of , NBC aired reruns of episodes from the — period in prime time on Tuesday evening under the title Ponderosa.
The show chronicles the weekly adventures of the Cartwright family, headed by the thrice-widowed patriarch Ben Cartwright Lorne Greene. He had three sons, each by a different wife: the eldest was the urbane architect Adam Cartwright Pernell Roberts who built the ranch house; the second was the warm and lovable giant Eric "Hoss" Cartwright Dan Blocker ; and the youngest was the hotheaded and impetuous Joseph or "Little Joe" Michael Landon.
Greene, Roberts, Blocker, and Landon were billed equally; the opening credits would alternate the order among the four stars. Bonanza was considered an atypical western for its time, as the core of the storylines dealt less about the range but more with Ben and his three dissimilar sons, how they cared for one another, their neighbors, and just causes.
Bonanza was a period drama that attempted to confront contemporary social issues. That was very difficult to do on television.
Most shows that tried to do it failed because the sponsors didn't like it, and the networks were nervous about getting letters", explains Stephen Battaglio, a senior editor for TV Guide magazine.
Episodes ranged from high drama "Bushwhacked", episode , ; "Shanklin", episode , , to broad comedy "Hoss and the Leprechauns", episode , ; "Mrs. Wharton and the Lesser Breeds", episode , ; "Caution, Bunny Crossing", episode , , and addressed issues such as the environment "Different Pines, Same Wind", episode , , substance abuse "The Hidden Enemy", episode , , domestic violence "First Love", episode , , anti-war sentiment "The Weary Willies", episode , , and illegitimate births "Love Child", episode , ; "Rock-A-Bye Hoss", episode , The series sought to illustrate the cruelty of bigotry against: Asians "The Fear Merchants", episode 27, ; "The Lonely Man", episode , , African-Americans "Enter Thomas Bowers", episode , ; "The Wish", episode , ; "Child", episode , , Native Americans "The Underdog", episode , ; "Terror at ", episode , , Jews , "Look to the Stars", episode 90, ; Mormons "The Pursued", episodes —40, , the disabled "Tommy", episode , and " little people " "It's A Small World", episode , Originally, the Cartwrights tended to be depicted as put-off by outsiders.
Lorne Greene objected to this, pointing out that as the area's largest timber and livestock producer, the family should be less clannish.
The producers agreed with this observation and changed the Cartwrights to be more amiable. Though not familiar stars in , the cast quickly became favorites of the first television generation.
The order of billing at the beginning of the broadcast appeared to be shuffled randomly each week, with no relation whatsoever to the current episode featured that week.
The main cast of actors portraying Cartwrights is listed here in the order of their characters' ages, followed by an array of recurring supporting players:.
Early in the show's history, he recalls each of his late wives in flashback episodes. A standard practice with most westerns was to introduce some romance but avoid matrimony.
Few media cowboys had on-screen wives. Any time one of the Cartwrights seriously courted a woman, she died from a malady, was abruptly slain, or left with someone else.
Greene appeared in all but fourteen Bonanza episodes. Greene was 44 years old at the beginning of the series while Pernell Roberts and Dan Blocker, who portrayed two of his sons, were both 31, only thirteen years younger.
Pernell Roberts played eldest son Adam, an architectural engineer with a university education. Adam built the impressive ranch house.
Despite the show's success, Roberts departed the series after the —65 season episodes and returned to stage productions.
During season five Adam falls for a widow with a young daughter, while making Will Cartwright a central figure. It was Landon, not Roberts, who objected to the infusion of any new Cartwrights.
In mid , the series producers considered inviting Roberts back in the wake of Dan Blocker's death: "One suggestion was to return Pernell Roberts, who had played another Cartwright son when Bonanza first premiered on NBC fourteen years ago.
We only considered that briefly, [producer Richard Collins says] Some people felt it was a logical step—the oldest son returning at a time of family need—but most of us didn't think it would work.
Dan Blocker was 6 feet 4 inches and pounds 1. To satisfy young Adam, Inger and Ben agree to try the nickname Hoss and "see which one sticks.
According to producer David Dortort: "Over the years he gave me the least amount of trouble. In May , Blocker died suddenly from a post-operative pulmonary embolism following surgery to remove his gall bladder.
The producers felt nobody else could continue the role. It was the first time a TV show's producers chose to kill off a young major male character though it was done twice previously with young female leads—in on Make Room For Daddy , and again in with The Real McCoys.
Although "big and lovable", Blocker was also tough. During the shooting of one episode, Blocker's horse stumbled and fell, throwing Blocker and breaking his collarbone.
Blocker got up and the bone was actually protruding from his skin. The crew wanted to call an ambulance but Blocker refused and stuck the bone back in place himself and resumed filming.
At the end of the day he was convinced to go to the hospital where they set the broken bone and gave him strict instructions, no riding for six weeks.
According to Landon, evidently Blocker's horse forgot what it was like to carry the big man during his convalescence because the first time that Blocker swung up into the saddle on his return, the horse collapsed under his weight and the cast and crew collapsed in fits of laughter.
The role of "Little Joe" was given to Michael Landon. He portrayed the youngest Cartwright son, whose mother Felicia in the pilot, and later changed to Marie was of French Creole descent.
Landon began to develop his skills in writing and directing Bonanza episodes, starting with "The Gamble. Beginning in , a foundation was being laid to include another "son", as Pernell Roberts was displeased with his character.
The character departed in that same episode, but left an opportunity for a return if needed. This character's paternity is open to debate. After Ben consoles Marie, the two bond and marry.
They choose to honor "Big Joe" by calling their son "Little Joe". Veteran character actor Ray Teal essayed the role of Sheriff Roy Coffee on 98 episodes from to His longest-running role was as Sheriff Roy Coffee.
He had also played a sheriff in the Billy Wilder film Ace in the Hole Teal was a bit-part player in western films for several years before landing a substantial role in Northwest Passage starring Spencer Tracy.
Notable film roles include playing one of the judges in Judgment at Nuremberg with Spencer Tracy, and an indulgent bar owner to Marlon Brando 's motorcycle gang in The Wild One , which was the second of three times that Teal appeared with Brando, having done so already as a drunk in Brando's debut in The Men and later in Brando's only directorial effort, One-Eyed Jacks , as a bartender.
Sheriff Coffee was occasionally the focus of a plot as in the episode "No Less a Man" broadcast March 15, A gang of thieves has been terrorizing towns around Virginia City and the town council wants to replace Coffee, whom they consider over-the-hill, with a younger sheriff before the gang hits town, not realizing that they'd been spared earlier because the gang's leader was wary of Coffee's longevity and only acquiesced to rob the Virginia City bank after extreme pressure from other gang members.
Coffee ends up showing the town that youth and a fast gun don't replace experience. Guy Williams was slated in , the year that Bonanza hit 1 in the ratings, to replace Pernell Roberts upon Roberts' departure, enabling the series to preserve the four-Cartwright format for the run of the series.
His character, Ben's nephew Will Cartwright, was introduced and was the lead character in five episodes, receiving "Starring" billing after the four original rotating Cartwrights during his second appearance going forward, but Roberts changed his mind later and decided to stay for one more season, whereupon Williams found himself pushed out of the part; it was rumored that Michael Landon and Lorne Greene felt threatened by the studio initiating a precedent of successfully replacing one heroic leading man Cartwright with a new one, particularly in view of Williams' popularity with viewers.
Williams had previously portrayed the titular character in Walt Disney 's Zorro television series, and went on to play the lead in Lost in Space , a science fiction television series, after the role in Bonanza ended.
After graduating from the University of Cincinnati , David Canary was offered a left-end position with the Denver Broncos ,  but pursued acting and singing.
In , he joined the cast as "Candy" Canaday, a plucky Army brat turned cowboy,  who became the Cartwrights' confidant, ranch foreman and timber vessel captain.
Dortort was impressed by Canary's talent, but the character vanished in September , after Canary had a contract dispute. He returned two seasons later after co-star Dan Blocker's death, reportedly having been approached by Landon.
Canary played the character on a total of 93 episodes. Chinese American actor Victor Sen Yung played the Cartwrights' happy-go-lucky cook, whose blood pressure rose when the family came late for dinner.
Cast here as the faithful domestic, the comedy relief character had little to do beyond chores. He once used martial arts to assail a towering family foe.
As a semi-regular cast member, Sen Yung was only paid per episode. After 14 years, he was widely known, but making far less than his Ponderosa peers.
Bonanza series creator David Dortort told the Archive of American Television that the "Hop Sing" character generated massive fandom - "Victor was just absolutely delightful.
He loved the part; he loved doing it. In fact, he began to develop fans, to the extent that I wrote him in as the feature part in a number of shows.
After Canary's departure in mid, and aware of the show's aging demographic, the writers sought a fresh outlet for Ben's fatherly advice.
Vogel played the red-haired orphan of a roving rainmaker, whom Ben takes in and adopts later in a episode, called "A Home for Jamie. During the final season, in —73, Tim Matheson portrayed Griff King, a parolee who tries to reform his life as a worker at the Ponderosa Ranch under Ben Cartwright's tutelage.
Following Canary's departure, Frizzell's character accompanied Jamie Hunter to the Ponderosa and became the Cartwright's foreman.
Bonanza ' s initial ratings were respectable, often coming in behind Mason but ahead of the ABC lineup.
Ironically, executives considered canceling the show before its premiere because of its high cost. NBC kept it because Bonanza was one of the first series to be filmed and broadcast in color , including scenes of picturesque Lake Tahoe, Nevada.
The new time slot caused Bonanza to soar in the ratings, and it eventually reached number one by , an honor it would keep until when it was seriously challenged by the socially daring variety show , The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour on CBS.
By , Bonanza was the first series to appear in the Top Five list for nine consecutive seasons a record that would stand for many years and thus established itself as the most consistent strong-performing hit television series of the s.
Bonanza remained high on the Nielsen ratings until , when it finally fell out of the Top Ten. After the series was canceled in , the syndicated reruns reverted to the Bonanza name.
From the third season on, the Cartwrights and nearly every other recurring character on the show wore the same clothing in almost every episode.
The reason for this is twofold: it made duplication of wardrobe easier for stunt doubles Hal Burton, Bob Miles, Bill Clark, Lyle Heisler, Ray Mazy and it cut the cost of refilming action shots such as riding clips in-between scenes , as previously shot stock footage could be reused.
Below is a survey of costumes employed:. It was not unusual for Little Joe Cartwright and Candy Canaday to appear shirtless in various scenes involving manual labor.
In , Blocker began wearing a toupee on the series, as he was approaching age 40 and his hair loss was becoming more evident.
Landon was the only original cast member who was wig-free throughout the series, as even Sen Yung wore an attached rattail- queue.
Bonanza features a memorable theme song by Jay Livingston and Ray Evans that was orchestrated by David Rose and arranged by Billy May for the television series.
The Bonanza theme song famously opens with a blazing Ponderosa map and saddlebound Cartwrights. The melodic intro, emulating galloping horses, is one of the most recognized television scores.
Variations of the theme were used for 12 seasons on the series. Although there were two official sets of lyrics some country-western singers, avoiding royalties, substituted the copyright renditions with their own words , the series simply used an instrumental theme.
Three of the cast members bellowed-out the original lyrics, unaccompanied, at the close of the pilot Pernell Roberts, the sole professional singer of the quartet, abstained and untethered the horse reins.
Before the pilot aired on September 12, , the song sequence, deemed too campy, was edited out of the scene and instead the Cartwrights headed back to the ranch whooping and howling.
In a song, the Livingston-Evans lyrics were revised by Lorne Greene with a more familial emphasis, "on this land we put our brand, Cartwright is the name, fortune smiled the day we filed the Ponderosa claim" "Bonanza", Bear Family Box set, Disc 2.
In , a slightly revamped horn and percussion-heavy arrangement of the original score introduced the series- which was used until A new theme song, called "The Big Bonanza" was written in by episode scorer David Rose, and was used from — Action-shot pictorials of the cast replaced the galloping trio.
Finally, a faster rendition of the original music returned for the 14th and final season, along with action shots of the cast.
The theme song has been recorded by numerous artists in a diverse variety of styles. The first recorded and released version was an instrumental by Marty Gold , on his album Swingin' West.
This was followed by the February single by Buddy Morrow and his Orchestra, which included vocals. Morrow's version also appeared on his album Double Impact which featured several other then-recent television themes.
In December , another vocal version was issued only in the United Kingdom by Johnny Gregory bandleader and his Orchestra and Chorus released on the Fontana label.
All aforementioned vocal versions, including the television pilot, used lyrics written by Livingston and Evans contained in the first published sheet music for the song, though not all the lyrics were sung.
A Bonanza soundtrack album released in late included a version by David Rose; Rose also had a single and included the theme on his album Exodus in a different mix.
The biggest hit version is a guitar instrumental by Al Caiola , which reached number 19 on Billboard in Country singer Johnny Cash was first to record a full length vocal version of the theme song.
He and Johnny Western discarded the original Livingston and Evans lyrics, and wrote new ones, though the revised lyrics still make direct reference to the Cartwrights and the Ponderosa.
The song first saw release by September as a single. This version was later covered by Faron Young for his album Aims at the West.
His German version lyrics attributed to "Nicolas" was sung in the same style and mood in which Cash had recorded it, and was fairly close in translation.
This version was later covered by Bad Manners and the Hurtin' Buckaroos Michael Richards , as Stanley Spadowski, sang a bit of the theme song while being held hostage by Channel 8's news goons in UHF he did not know the words to the song he was originally supposed to sing, " Helter Skelter ".
The band often includes the song in their live shows. During the first season extra horses were rented from the Idyllwild Stables in Idyllwild, also in the San Jacinto Mountains.
This allowed for a switch to the less expensive Warner studios from September through January The program's Nevada set, the Ponderosa Ranch house, was recreated in Incline Village, Nevada , in , and remained a tourist attraction until its sale thirty-seven years later in September Bonanza is uniquely known for having addressed racism , not typically covered on American television during the time period, from a compassionate , humanitarian point-of-view.
Bigotry , and anti-semitism ,  was the subject of the episode "Look to the Stars" Season 3, Episode 26; original air date March 18, A bigoted school teacher Mr.
Norton oblivious of his prejudice routinely expels minority students. When he expels the brilliant Jewish student Albert Michelson , a scientific genius whose experiments on the streets of Virginia City often cause commotion, Ben Cartwright steps in and confronts Norton on his bigotry.
Ashamed, the school teacher vows to reform.Bonanza ist eine der bekanntesten US-amerikanischen Fernsehserien der er Jahre, die im Western-Milieu der er Jahre spielt. Mit über Folgen ist. Die Beechcraft Bonanza wird seit etwa 70 Jahren von der Beech Aircraft Corporation als Reise- und Geschäftsflugzeug produziert. Sie ist damit das Flugzeug. Bonanza ist eine von David Dortort entwickelte Westernserie, die erstmals am September Dec 9, - Category:Image (Little Joe Cartwright) | Bonanza Wiki | Fandom powered by Wikia. Bonanza je američka vestern televizijska serija koja se od do godine emitirala na programu mreže NBC, poznata kao jedna od najpopularnijih i druga najdugovječnija serija tog žanra, odnosno kao prva dramska serija koja je u potpunosti snimana i emitirana u boji.. Radnja serije se događa oko ih u Nevadi, odnosno okolici grada Virginia City i obali jezera Tahoe gdje se Kompozitor muzičke teme: Ray Evans, Jay Livingston.